Skin Cancer Mole Biopsy Disorder -

A mole is a marking on the skin, a spot of darkened pigment on the skin and is genetically determined in many cases. Most of the people have various number of moles of different sizes and at different locations. They can be flat or raised, smooth or rough and may have hair. They can be brown, black, skin-colored or yellowish. Most of them are benign and no treatment is required. However, some of them may turn into skin cancer (Melanoma).

An overview of Mole Biopsy -

If a suspicion arises as to if a mole may be a melanoma, a dignosis of the mole has to be done. This can be done by removing the suspicious mole and studying it under a microscope. This is called a Mole Biopsy.

More about Melanoma - A skin cancer caused by moles -

The most serious and deadly type of cancer that develops in the cells producing melanin (a pigment that gives the skin its color). Accounting to a small percentage of all skin cancers, but causing the greatest number of deaths, it may spread to different parts of the body.

Symptoms -

Change in an existing mole changes, a new, unusual looking growth on the skin, moles of unusual shapes, sizes, with unusual colors or moles with irregular, notched or scalloped borders, or if there is itching, oozing or bleeding.

Distinguishing benign (not so dangerous) moles from melanoma -
Recent researches say certain moles pose higher risk of developing into melanoma (skin cancer), including malignant melanoma. Atypical moles have a greater chance of turning malignant. Following a mole ABCD chart, one can recognize the change in moles.
Asymmetry - When one half of the mole doesn't match the other half.
Border - When the moles have ragged or irregular borders.
Color - When the color of the moles varies throughout.
Diameter - When the mole's diameter is larger than a pencil's eraser.

Types of Melanomas -

The common types are - Superficial Spreading Melanoma (SSM), Nodular Melanoma (NM), Acral-lentiginous Melanoma (ALM) and Lentigo Maligna Melanoma (LMM).

Factors contributing to the development of Melanoma -
Exposure to intense UV Radiation enhances the risk of the disease. Others factors can be listed as -

Heredity - With a family history of the disease, one is at a greater risk of developing it.
Age - The risk of developing Melanoma increases with age. More number of people are diagnosed when they are in their 50s.
Carcinogens - Substances like coal tar, wood preservative creosote, arsenic compounds in pesticides and radium may also cause melanoma.

Risk Factors - These factors increase the risk of melanoma development - fair skin, history of sunburn, excessive sun exposure, sunny or high-altitude climates, moles, family or personal history of cancer, weakened immune system, exposure to environmental hazards or a rare genetic disorder

Diagnosis -

Treatment -

Preventive Measures -

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